The Responsibility of Pesticides for the Decline of Living Organisms is Established
According to scientific consensus, neonicotinoids—persistent, systemic, and neurotoxic—a new generation of pesticides introduced in France in the early 1990s, are responsible for these declines. Very recent studies even demonstrate a spatial and temporal correlation between the mass marketing of imidacloprid, particularly in the United States, the Netherlands, or France, and the decline of birds in rural areas, establishing a causal link between these phytosanitary products and environmental damage.
Imidacloprid, mainly used as a seed coating for various crops (wheat, beets, maize, sunflowers), has been the most marketed neonicotinoid substance in France since 1991. Because of its devastating effects on bees, even at infinitesimal doses, it is termed a « bee-killer. » However, its effects do not stop there, as its mode of action makes it toxic to many other species, particularly wild birds.
Specifically regarding birds, imidacloprid has direct effects due to the ingestion of seeds coated with the toxic substance (6 seeds are enough to instantly kill a Grey Partridge) and indirect effects related to the disappearance of aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates on which they feed. For Allain Bougrain Dubourg, President of the LPO (League for the Protection of Birds): « Neonicotinoids symbolise a productivist agricultural model that has led our farmers into an economic dead end and has made the birds disappear from our countryside. The latest victim to have disappeared from French countryside is the Rose-breasted Shrike this year. Those responsible for this disaster must be held accountable. »
For INTERET A AGIR, this is a first action in protecting biodiversity, paving the way for litigation for the effective repair of ecological damages caused by the mass marketing of pesticides that do not offer the safety one can legitimately expect for biodiversity, a common heritage of human beings.
This action is funded thanks to the fund « STOP THE SILENT SPRINGS, » organised on the HELLOASSO platform :